conformity

The social psychological study of conformity examines the pressures on individuals to conform to the expectations of a group, society, organization, or leader. The classic experiments were conducted by Solomon E. Asch, an American gestalt psychologist who undertook a series of small-group studies on the social pressures to conform. His subjects were asked to answer a basic puzzle (for example on the length of a line) when others provided a manifestly incorrect answer. Many subjects felt under pressure to give the same incorrect answer; however, the majority resisted pressures to conform, and even those who acquiesced offered reasonable explanations for doing so, despite subsequently expressed doubts about their behaviour (see his Social Psychology, 1952). Asch argues that the results confirm his view of human nature , which is of human beings as creative and rational organisms, in contrast to the tradition that views them as passive and responding only to environmental pressures. The concept of conformity was also used by Robert Merton in Social Theory and Social Structure (1968) to refer to acceptance of cultural goals and the legitimate or approved means of achieving them. See also behavioural conformity.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Conformity — assessment body (CAB) body that performs conformity assessment services and that can be the object of accreditation (p. 3.10 ISO/IEC 17011:2004, n. 2.5 ISO/IEC 17000:2004). Источник …   Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации

  • Conformity — Con*form i*ty, n.; pl. {Conformities}. [Cf. F. conformit[ e].] 1. Correspondence in form, manner, or character; resemblance; agreement; congruity; followed by to, with, or between. [1913 Webster] By our conformity to God. Tillotson. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • conformity — I (agreement) noun accommodation, accord, accordance, acquiescence, adjustment, affinity, agreement, alliance, assent, coincidence, collaboration, combined operation, compatibility, concert, concinnity, concord, concurrence, concurrent opinion,… …   Law dictionary

  • conformity — [n1] compliance acquiescence, allegiance, assent, consent, conventionality, docility, obedience, observance, orthodoxy, resignation, submission, willingness; concepts 13,689 Ant. difference, fight, noncomformity, refusal conformity [n2]… …   New thesaurus

  • conformity — early 15c., conformyte, from M.Fr. conformité (14c.), from L.L. conformitatem (nom. conformitas), from conformis similar in shape, from conformare (see CONFORM (Cf. conform)). Modern form is from 17c …   Etymology dictionary

  • conformity — ► NOUN 1) compliance with conventions, rules, or laws. 2) similarity in form or type …   English terms dictionary

  • conformity — [kən fôr′mə tē] n. pl. conformities [ME conformite < OFr < ML * conformitas < L conformare: see CONFORM] 1. the condition or fact of being in harmony or agreement; correspondence; congruity; similarity 2. action in accordance with… …   English World dictionary

  • Conformity — This article is about the psychological concept of conformity. For other uses, see Conformity (disambiguation). Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • conformity — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ absolute, complete ▪ mindless, unthinking ▪ They act in unthinking conformity to customs. ▪ rigid, strict …   Collocations dictionary

  • Conformity — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Conformity >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 1 =>{opp,83,} conformity conformance Sgm: N 1 observance observance Sgm: N 1 habituation habituation GRP: N 2 Sgm: N 2 naturalization naturalization Sgm …   English dictionary for students

  • conformity — n. 1) strict conformity 2) conformity to 3) in conformity with * * * [kən fɔːmɪtɪ] in conformity with strict conformity conformity to …   Combinatory dictionary

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